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Dover Castle

948 of 1169 nominations

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Dover Castle

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Dover Castle

This impressive fortification, one of the first sights to greet visitors arriving at Dover Harbour, started life as an Iron Age hill fort. It lies at the shortest point of the English Channel – a mere 21 miles from Calais. William the Conqueror ordered the construction of a fort at Dover prior to the Battle of Hastings, around the already-existing Roman lighthouse and Saxon church. Henry II spent a great fortune constructing a new castle, with walls nearly 21ft high in some places.

The castle first came under attack in 1216, when Prince Louis of France – at the behest of rebel English barons – attacked with stone-throwing catapults, which made little impression on its dense layers.

Underneath the castle in the White Cliffs lies a vast labyrinth of tunnels, dating from the Middle Ages. In 1940, they were taken over by Winston Churchill and 700 staff. Now open to the public, these tunnels were home for the Command Centre of Operation Dynamo – the evacuation of British Expeditionary Forces from Dunkirk.

Dover Castle was in continuous military use until 1958. Five years later, it was handed over to the then Ministry of Works for preservation, and is now run by English Heritage.

NOMINATION 948 OF 1169

Your comments

An imposing sight when approaching from any direction. Often as if super-imposed on the cliff top.

Keith Hannant


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I nominate the red pillar box.

Donna Spencer

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